Exposing young learners to basic math concepts helps lay the groundwork for a future understanding of mathematics. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics affirms that a high-quality, challenging, and accessible mathematics education provides early childhood learners with a vital foundation for the future.

While activities vary widely from preschool to preschool, it's commonly accepted that young learners must have a good grasp of some basic foundational skills that lay the groundwork for number sense and success in grade school.





Critically comparing objects and determining which are similar and which are different.



A first look at geometric shapes and the infinite world of two- and three-dimensional space.

Spacial Relationships

Developing the language and intuition for two- and three-dimensional space.





Systematic organizing, arranging, and grouping objects into a mathematical vocabulary that facilitates addition, subtraction, number sequences, and proportional thinking.


Identifying the attributes of different kinds of objects and learning how to classify them by sorting them into different groups





Numbers and how they work; The Language of Mathematics and how it describes sequences, quantities, groups, and combinations.




Learning first how to recognize a pattern in nature or in numbers (counting, skip counting, and odd/even), and then how to mimic, extend, and eventually create patterns.




Down the rabbit hole of numbers greater than zero and smaller than one: Fractions and how they represent evenly divided parts of a whole and have their own special names and properties


One-to-One Correspondence

The next step up from Attributes— matching and pairing items, paying special attention to their similarities and differences, as well as which is greater than, less than, or equivalent to. A vital link to computation and number sense.




Learning how to measure distance, capacity, weight, and time, in order to compare and describe the world in quantitative terms. Introducing units of measure and how parts make up the whole.